Dear readers welcome to Awareness Adda. In this article we discussing Spotting Errors in English, it was the very important topic in competitive exams, we are here to help to get a good score in this section. we are providing 101 golden rules to solve spotting errors. 

SPOTTING ERRORS 101 GOLDEN POINTS PART-2

Here is the 2nd list of spotting errors 101 golden points.

POINT NUMBER 10:-

A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in person number and gender

Example:-

  • Every man must bring his luggage.
  • Each student must bring his books.
  • Each of the girls must carry her own bag.

While using everyone, anyone, everybody, each the pronoun of the Macklin gender or the feminine gender is to be used according to the contest

Example:-

  • Anyone can do this job if he tries.
  • Each of the six boys in the class has finished his tasks.

POINT NUMBER 11:-

The pronoun ‘one must be followed by ‘one’s

Example:-

  • One must complete his task in time (wrong)
  • One’s must complete his task in time (correct)

POINT NUMBER 12:-

List of verbs

  • Enjoy
  • Apply
  • Resign
  • Drive
  • Avail
  • Pride
  • Absent….etc

When used as a transitive verb always take a relative pronoun after them.

Example:-

  • He absented himself from school.
  • He drove himself to Chennai

POINT NUMBER 13:-

  • Who/whom

Who denotes the subjects and ‘whom used for passive person or object.

Example:-

  • Whom do you think win the award? (wrong)
  • Who do you think to win the award? (correct)
  • Who are you talking to? (wrong)
  • Whom are you talking to? (correct)

POINT NUMBER 14:-

When two or more singular nouns are joined together by ‘either or, ‘neither nor and the pronoun is singular.

Example:-

  • Either Ram or Shyam will give their book. (wrong)
  • Either Ram or Shyam will give his book. (correct)
  • Neither Ramesh nor Rajendra has done his work. (wrong)
  • Neither Ramesh nor Rajendra has done their work. (correct)

POINT NUMBER 15:-

When a singular number noun and a plural number noun are joined by ‘or, ‘either or, ‘neither nor the pronoun must be plural.

  • Either the engineer or his mechanics failed in his duty. (wrong)
  • Either the engineer or his mechanics failed in their duty. (correct)

POINT NUMBER 16:-

  • Who/which

Whose’ is used for living things and ‘which’ for lifeless objects.

Example:-

  • Which photograph is laying there?
  • What book do you read? (wrong)
  • Which book do you read? (correct)

 POINT NUMBER 17:-

Each other’ is used to refer two of any things; ‘one another is used to refer more than two.

Example:-

  • Romeo and Juliet loved each other.
  • All the students of the class are friendly; they loved one another.

POINT NUMBER 18:-

When a pronoun stands for collective nouns, it must be in singular number and neutral gender if the collective noun is viewed as a whole.

Example:-

  • The jury gave its verdict
  • Where ‘its’ is attribution

Note:-

If collective noun refers to separate individuals comprising (containing) the whole the pronoun standing for it must be plural.

Example:-

  • The jury was divided in their opinion.

POINT NUMBER 19:-

            If the pronouns of different persons are to be used together in a sentence, the serial order of persons should be; 2nd+3rd+1st in good normal sentences, but if a fault is to be confession the order will be 1st+2nd+3rd.

Example:-

  • You, he and I have finished the work. (Ordinary sentence)
  • I, you and he are to be blamed. (Confession sentence)

POINT NUMBER 20:-

Some’ is used in affirmative sentences, to express quantity or degree; ‘any’ is used in negative or interrogative sentences to express quantity or degree.

Example:-

  • I shell buy some apples
  • I shell not buy any apples
  • Have you bought any apples

Note:-

Some’ may be wrongly used in interrogative sentences which are infected request

Example:-

  • Will you please give me some milk?

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